Archive for category Globalization Challenges

TPP Free Trade Deal to Be Signed On Feb 4

New Zealand will host the signing ceremony for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement on February 4, 2016. The deal was reached on 5 October 2015 after 7 years of negotiations.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (“TPP”) is a free trade agreement between nine countries: The United States, Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam.

Check for more here & here.

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Iran – The Economic Sanctions Have Been Lifted

January 16th, 2016

Crippling economic sanctions on Iran have been lifted now that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has certified that it has restricted its sensitive nuclear activities.

The Iran nuclear deal framework was a preliminary framework agreement reached in 2015 between the Islamic Republic of Iran and a group of world powers: the P5+1 (the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council–the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, France, and China plus Germany), plus the European Union.

Read more here.

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More Trade News in Brief Week 38 (14 – 20 September 2015)

* WTO – Rise in Global Tourism Continues

International arrivals rose by 5 per cent in Europe, Asia and the Pacific, and the Middle East, and by 4 per cent in the Americas, according to figures released by the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO).

The most popular regions proved to be the Caribbean and Oceania, which saw a rise of seven per cent, while Central and Eastern Europe and Central America saw a rise of six per cent.

Check for more here and here.

Useful links:

UNWTO World Tourism Barometer

UNWTO Tourism Highlights, 2015 Edition 

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* G20 Labour Markets in 2015

The report G20 Labour Markets 2015: Strengthening the Link between Growth and Employment, compiled by the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the World Bank Group, reveals that growth among G20 economies averaged 3.2 per cent over the last three years compared to 4.1 per cent from 2000 to 2007.

Read more here.

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* FAO Food Price Index

According to the FAO Food Price Index, which tracks international market prices for five major food commodity groups – cereals, meat, dairy products, vegetable oils and sugar – virtually all food groups registered marked dips in price in August.

Find more here.

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* G7 and BRIICS Merchandise Trade Continues to Slow in Second Quarter of 2015

Total G7 and BRIICS international merchandise trade, in current US dollars, continued to contract in the second quarter of 2015, with exports and imports declining by 0.9% and 1.2% respectively, compared with the previous quarter. 

Download the entire news release (PDF 160KB)

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* Belize, Switzerland ratify Trade Facilitation Agreement

Belize and Switzerland have become the 13th and 14th WTO members to ratify the WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). The TFA contains provisions for expediting the movement, release and clearance of goods, including goods in transit. It also sets out measures for effective cooperation between customs and other appropriate authorities on trade facilitation and customs compliance issues.

More information on trade facilitation and the TFA can be found at: www.wto.org/tradefacilitation.

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* New ICC Dispute Board Rules

New Rules governing ICC Dispute Boards will come into effect on 1 October 2015.

For more information click here.

 

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More Trade News in Brief Week 34 (17 – 23 August 2015)

FAO – World Food Prices Hit Lowest Level in Almost Six Years

According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) the prices for global agricultural products in July hit their lowest level since September 2009.

Check here for more: UN agency reports world food prices declining to six-year low .

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EPA – The Clean Power Plan

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) unveiled The Clean Power Plan, it aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions from US power stations and it shows the determination of the US to address global warming.

Read more here.

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WMO – First Half of 2015 ‘Hottest Six Months on Record”

The United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO) reported the globally averaged temperature over land and ocean surfaces was the hottest for such period on record, from January to June 2015.

Find more here.

 

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Africa Creates TFTA – Cape to Cairo Free Trade Zone

African leaders have agreed to create the continent’s largest free-trade zone, covering 26 countries in an area from Cape Town to Cairo. The Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) will cap five years of negotiations.

Three existing trade blocs – the Southern African Development Community (Sadc); the East African Community (EAC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa) – are to be united into a single new zone.

Read more here and here.

 

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Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is an international financial institution proposed by the government of China.

At least 47 countries and territories from five continents have applied to join the Beijing-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank as founding members.

Sweden and Kyrgyzstan were among the last to apply before the deadline, 31 March 2015, adding further weight to the regional financing body, which has seen its influence grow even before it officially starts operation.

Check here for more.

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News from UNCTAD

* Global Investment Trends in 2014 and Prospects for 2015

Global foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows declined by 8% in 2014. A solid FDI rise remains distant, reports the latest UNCTAD Global Investment Trends.

 Download: Global Investment Trends Monitor No. 18.

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* UNCTAD and WTO launch partnership on Integrated Trade Database

UNCTAD and the WTO agreed to cooperate in assisting the WTO members in implementing notification requirements for the WTO Integrated Data Base (IDB).

UNCTAD Automated System for Customs Data (ASYCUDA).

An integrated customs management system for international trade and transport operations in a modern automated environment.

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More Trade News in Brief Week 3 (12 – 18 January 2015)

* World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2015

The new ILO report includes a forecast of global unemployment levels and explains the factors behind this trend, including continuing inequality and falling wage shares.

ILO -  World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2015Download the report from here.

Read more here.

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* IMF Downgrades Global Growth Forecast

According to its World Economic Outlook (WEO) update , the IMF lowered growth expectations for this year and the next for most countries due to slowdown in investment, and urged governments and central banks to pursue economic stimulation policies and structural reforms to boost growth.

Download Full-Text PDF: English

IMF - World Economic Outlook (WEO)

 

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* UNCTAD – Latest developments in national and international investment policies

UNCTAD’s latest Investment Policy Monitor shown that the vast majority of new investment policy measures were aimed at creating more favourable investment conditions.

Download: Investment Policy Monitor No. 13

Quick link: Investment Policy Monitor (Series)

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More Trade News in Brief Week 44 (27 October – 2 November 2014)

* Understanding National Accounts from OECD
 
The second edition of OECD’s guide Understanding National Accounts provides a comprehensive explanation of how national accounts are compiled and what they mean.
 
Read more here.
 
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* The Global Community of Practice on Food Loss Reduction
 
The Global Community of Practice (CoP) on Food Loss Reduction is launched jointly by the three Rome-based United Nations agencies, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme.
 
The Global Community of Practice on Food Loss Reduction attempts to reduce food losses and waste, which account for one third of food produced for human consumption, by bringing together for the first time a range of resources and allows stakeholders to share experiences and best practices.
 
The Global Community of Practice on Food Loss Reduction aims to become a global reference point that facilitates the sharing of information and linkages between stakeholders including public entities, civil society and the private sector.
 
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* ICC Adopts New Set of Rules for Dispute Resolution in Trade Finance
 
The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Banking Commission unanimously adopted today revised rules for Documentary Credit Dispute Resolution by Expertise (DOCDEX).
 
Find more here.

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* WTO Report Says Restrictive Trade Measures Continue to Rise in G-20 Economies
 
Restrictive trade measures introduced by G-20 economies since 2008 continue to rise, according to the latest WTO report on recent trade developments issued on 6 November 2014.
 
> WTO Report on G-20 Trade Measures (mid-May 2014 to mid-October 2014)
 
> Summary and Status of G-20 trade and trade-related measures since October 2008 (Excel Format)
 
> OECD/UNCTAD Report on G-20 Investment Measures
 

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More Trade News in Brief Week 42 (13 – 19 October 2014)

 
* Eurostat Regional Yearbook 2014
 
Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, published The Regional Yearbook 2014.
 
Check here.
 
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* International Tourism Up by 5% in the First Half of 2014
 
International tourist arrivals grew by 4.6% in the first half of 2014 according to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer. Destinations worldwide received some 517 million international tourists between January and June 2014, 22 million more than in the same period of 2013.
 
Read more about here.
 
 
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* South Africa & Hong Kong – DTA
 
Hong Kong and South Africa signed a comprehensive double taxation agreement (CDTA).
 
See more here.
 
 

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